When you get right down to it, there are three main tasks that we ask bird-hunting dogs to doretrieving, flushing, and pointing. Some dogs are specialists, excelling at one of these skills. Others are multitaskers.

And then theres the Nova Scotia duck tolling retriever. Its a retriever, yes, but it was developed to perform an additional and altogether unique functionto toll or lure rafted ducks into range. How does this work? Ducks, for reasons known only to them, are fatally attracted to the sight of red foxes noodling around on a shoreline. The ducks will often approach for a closer look. The foxes figured this out long ago, and they turned it to their advantage by working in pairs: one fox would caper about in plain sight while another fox hid in the bushes, waiting to pounce on the curious ducks.

Observant sportsmen took a page from the foxes book and began using small, reddish dogs to toll in rafted ducks, throwing sticks (or whatever was handy) to keep the dogs in constant motion up and down the shore. By the early 1800s, the use of tolling dogs was fairly common among waterfowlers on Marylands Eastern Shore.

The sportsmen of Nova Scotia took the final step and developed a dog tailored specifically for tolling. This dogs ancestors are a matter of conjecturevarious sources credit everything from Chesapeake Bay retrievers to Irish setters to collies to the dogs of Nova Scotias indigenous Micmac people. By 1900 or so the basic type of the Nova Scotia duck tolling retriever had been established. The breed earned Canadian Kennel Club recognition in 1945, and the American Kennel Club recognized it in 2003.

While still relatively uncommon, the toller is growing in popularity, says Dan Kauzlarich of Beekauz Kennels in Farmington, Illinois. And, under the right conditions, these dogs can still perform the specialized role that gave the breed its name.

You have to have ducks rafting on open water, Kauzlarich explains, and you have to have a stretch of open, well-defined shoreline. Ideally you want the ducks rafted no more than 100 yards from shore. Then, you basically play fetch with your dog. You can throw a ball, a bumper, a stickanything.

As retrievers, these dogs have the drive, desire, athleticism, tenacity, and cold-weather tolerance to perform commendably in just about any traditional waterfowling situation. Kauzlarich hunts his tollers everywhere from the big water of Devils Lake, North Dakota, to the extensive marshlands of Cheyenne Bottoms in Kansasand in setups that range from 500 decoys to just a handfuland never feels underdogged.

Kauzlarich admits that theres a limit to how far hell ask his tollers to go. When I send a dog for a retrieve, he says, I want the duck and the dog back ASAP. Once you start talking 150-yard-plus retrieves, I say, Thats what the boats for.

One of the reasons its difficult to compete successfully at a high level in hunt tests with tollers is that they cant take the high-pressure training necessary to do long-distance blind retrieves, Kauzlarich says. If you pressure them too much, or submit them to too much repetition, they shut down. Theyre very intelligent, but theyre soft, so you have to take your time and be patient. A good training session for a toller might be three or four reps. At that point, you should call it a day.

Tollers are capable upland flushing dogs, too, Kauzlarich notes, with good noses and a naturally close-working style. Theyre hunting dogs, he says. Theres a lot of versatility built into the breeds blueprint.

In many respects, says Kauzlarich, the toller resembles a smaller, stockier version of the golden retriever. The physical similarities are obvious, although the tollers coat can be a little more fawn-colored than the goldens and also splashed more extensively with white on the chest and muzzle. Like the golden, the typical toller is a friendly, happy, animated fellow who thrives in a family environment.

Dont expect a toller to hang on your every move, though. Theyre pretty independent, Kauzlarich explains. Theyre not the kind of dogs that demand you pet them all the time. With tollers, a little affection goes a long way.