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Banding Together for Waterfowl

3 Decoy Strategies for Ducks

If birds are starting to become wary, it might be time to mix things up a bit.
Decoying ducksby John Pollman

The saying goes that if your decoy spread ain't broke, don't fix it. But if birds are starting to become wary of your setup, it might be time to mix things up a bit. We have some tips from one of the nation's top duck hunters to keep the birds guessing this fall.

Make a Realistic Change

Every hunter seems to have his or her own favorite way of setting up decoys, but Tony Vandemore has come to understand that the real decision must be made based on the birds in the sky.

"When birds start sliding the edge of the decoys or circle several times and then just lose interest and leave, I'm out there moving some decoys," says Vandemore. "I've found that you can't be too stubborn to take a few minutes and make some changes."

Vandemore is one of the owners of Habitat Flats, a premier waterfowl hunting operation in north-central Missouri. While decoy patterns are a good starting point, Vandemore suggests that hunters try to keep things as realistic as possible.

"When I watch live birds on our property, some are sitting tight to each other, others are spread out in spots; there's a pair here and a pair there," says Vandemore. "You never see them all perfectly spaced out across the whole flock."

Vandemore says that a decoy spread should reflect those natural tendencies and, at the same time, influence birds to finish in a particular spot so hunters can make good, clean shots.

The number of decoys Vandemore sets out changes over the course of the season too. Early-season hunts include a smaller number of decoys, and as migrating numbers begin to build, Vandemore begins increasing the size of his spread. As ice starts to take over and groups at Habitat Flats hunt smaller and smaller pools of open water, Vandemore will once again go back to a smaller number of decoys.

But Vandemore says that one rule never changes. "If at any time my decoys look like they are in a 'spread' or a 'pattern,' I will change it up," he says.

Movement and Color

It is no secret that movement in a decoy spread can help attract the attention of passing ducks. Hunters have long taken to kicking the water or employing the use of a jerk string to create ripples on a calm day.


Black duck decoy

Photo by Leonard Dorrian


Vandemore suggests that hunters should even try setting some of the decoys where they might catch a little more wind or ride more in the current.

"Regardless of how you get it," he says, "movement is crucial and often the ticket to finishing birds."

And what hunter hasn't noticed a group of birds because of a distant flash of color? Vandemore says to use this observation to your advantage.

"I'll include some drake shoveler and pintail decoys in our moist soil or even timber holes, and drake goldeneyes and canvasbacks on larger bodies of water," says Vandemore. "And we only shoot but a handful of black ducks every year, but I like to put some in every spread. Both the white and dark colors help to enhance visibility from longer distances."


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