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Wetland losses point to importance of protecting the prairies

Ducks Unlimited (DU) says a documented drop in wetland numbers in the Prairie Pothole Region (PPR) during a recent 12-year period could add up to a loss of breeding habitat for 100,000 duck pairs. A new study by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) on the status of prairie wetlands in the United States found the PPR lost more than 107,000 wetland basins from 1997 to 2009.

Breeding Grounds Survey: 2014 Ungava Peninsula Survey Complete

The 2014 Ungava survey is complete. We roared to the finish line and on home with four full days of flying and (mostly) friendly weather.

Breeding Grounds Survey: Survey Complete for the Saskatchewan Ground Crew

Some areas in the very east and west of the province were drier than they have been in recent years, but much of the central grassland area of the province, stretching from south of Moose Jaw up to Saskatoon, was extremely wet.

Breeding Grounds Survey: Eastern Shoremen Finish the North

After our start-and-stop beginning to the survey, we progressed across northern Saskatchewan and Manitoba fairly quickly. The habitat appears to be some of the wettest I've seen since I started surveying the region in 2009.

Breeding Grounds Survey: Beginning the Ungava Survey

So began this year's Ungava survey for me. After a quick weekend at home upon completing the May BPOP survey, I traveled commercially to Bangor, Maine, to pick up N723, which had been undergoing routine maintenance.

Breeding Grounds Survey: Steve's Otter Song

Fred and I have traveled over 5,700 miles (in 318 segments) at bird-view (150 ft.) and I now sit in a wood recliner, belly full of Arctic Char, and four feet from the waters of Great Slave Lake in Yellowknife's Old Town.

Breeding Grounds Survey: The Northwest Territories' Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat

Also colorful are the variations of habitat at 150 feet. Color livens, inspires, and directs life, and I could give the reader another blog about our day-to-day experiences, but I don’t think a narrative of where we flew does any justice to the sights.

Breeding Grounds Survey: Maine and Atlantic Canada Survey Area Completed

Overall, conditions across the survey area were good for breeding waterfowl, despite the late start to spring. With some more seasonal temperatures and drier conditions during the primary brood rearing period, the outlook could improve further.

Breeding Grounds Survey: Superhero Escape...

Nick and I are down to the final transect, which will take us about two hours to complete if weather cooperates tomorrow. Otherwise the door closes: the white flowers, red buds and green leaves finish their springing forth, blocking our view to the waterfowl using many of the small creeks and wetlands.

Breeding Grounds Survey: On to Quebec...

After a long stretch of good flying weather, Mother Nature finally caught up with us in northern Quebec. Having finished up Stratum 50 with its abundance of water and relatively rolling terrain, we have crossed over into Stratum 69 and Quebec.

Breeding Grounds Survey: 2014 Survey Complete in Saskatchewan

Conditions were varied in this part of the survey area because winter and spring precipitation was variable. More precipitation fell in the center of the parklands between Saskatoon and Prince Albert than on the western or eastern parts of parklands.

Breeding Grounds Survey: Observations from a Midwest Observer

I have spent the last 5 years feeding ducks as they make their way south each winter and more importantly on their way back north each spring.

Breeding Grounds Survey: 2014 Survey Begins in Western Ontario

A few aircraft delays kept us from launching the survey as planned from Maryland. Now that we are piloting flying computers, we have to ensure that the software is in order.

Breeding Grounds Survey: A Snapshot of the Canadian Prairies

On May 31, I departed Calgary, Alberta, in the morning, and flew to Winnipeg, Manitoba, to commence another survey. The following photos are a snapshot of the conditions I saw along that route.

Breeding Grounds Survey: Status Update from Stratum 51

As we are nearing the end of our survey I look back and think about the territory we have covered. So far we have flown over 8,000 miles of terrain throughout southern Ontario and Quebec.

Breeding Grounds Survey: Newfoundland in the Books, on to Labrador

A ridge of high pressure moving south out of Labrador finally moved the persistent low off the east coast of Newfoundland, and the beleaguered east coast saw a rare glimpse of sun on May 29. It didn't last long, but it was enough to give us the window we needed to complete the Newfoundland survey.

Breeding Grounds Survey: Eastern Dakotas Ground Crew All Done

We finished up another ground survey in the Eastern Dakotas. Our overall duck numbers are slightly down from last year with one interesting note that our scaup numbers were higher than they have been in a few years.

Breeding Grounds Survey: 2014 Survey Complete in Southern Manitoba

John and I finished the survey in the northern most survey area near Swan River on May 22nd. Conditions continue to look good with lots of water on the landscape. We did run into some ice on the larger lakes, including Lake Manitoba; however, it seems that things are breaking up as conditions warm.

Breeding Grounds Survey: Overall Conditions Improved from Last Year

We have finished our survey this year and headed back home to our families and offices. Overall, the better conditions have continued throughout the survey area compared with last year.

Breeding Grounds Survey: Knocking Off Deltas

Pilot biologist Fred Roetker and I now sit in Fairbanks, Alaska, waiting for our Kodiak to clear an annual, 100-hour inspection and maintenance check. We have finished Alberta and British Columbia, and are thus 34% done with our segments.

Breeding Grounds Survey: A Gorgeous Day to Fly

Regarding habitat, except for the occasional beaver dam that broke leaving a pond down from its edges, the semi-permanent depressional wetlands and permanent lakes look fantastic.

Breeding Grounds Survey: Take Home Messages

It is May 25th and the survey is over. One last night in a hotel for me and then Jim Bredy and I part ways. He will head for eastern Canada to start a Canada goose survey. I have a flight to Portland and a reunion with Jessica, Morgan, Jackson, and three dogs.

Breeding Grounds Survey: Heaven on Earth

Joe Sands and I completed the Southern and Central Alberta BPOP survey area yesterday. I feel blessed to have been able to work with this very capable waterfowl man.

Breeding Grounds Survey: Not Much, But We'll Take It

After sitting 7 of 8 days in Halifax, Nova Scotia, the air mass over the Maritimes and Gulf of St. Lawrence finally "warmed" enough that we could enter the clouds and ferry to Stephenville, Newfoundland, on Sunday, May 25.

Breeding Grounds Survey: Prince Edward Island and Nova Scotia Done, Fog Grounds Crew in Halifax

The Maine and Atlantic Canada survey crew completed Prince Edward Island on May 16 and made it into Halifax, Nova Scotia.

Breeding Grounds Survey: Northwest Parklands Showing Good Waterfowl Production Potential

Another good day of flying and we've finished up the northwest parklands and will move to working the last 5 transects in the northeast parklands for the rest of this week.

Breeding Grounds Survey: Southern Montana Looking Better Than Last Year

Since our last post we have flown a few thousand more miles of transects across Montana. As ground crew leader Pam Garrettson noted in one of her earlier posts, southern Montana does not naturally contain a great deal of waterfowl habitat.

Breeding Grounds Survey: Done with the Grasslands and Starting the Aspen Parklands

We are making progress. We have finished the grasslands stratum and flew our first day in the northwest parklands stratum on Sunday. In the grasslands, areas are drier than last year, especially as we headed north and west.

Breeding Grounds Surveys: Even the Drier Areas Have Ducks

The trend of many more wetlands and ducks continued, even as we made our way into arid eastern Montana. On the Garrison, ND, air-ground segment (our only one east of the Missouri River) we even saw quite a few diving ducks, relatively rare in this survey area.

Breeding Grounds Surveys: It's a Roller Coaster

While I am completely focused on counting waterfowl and helping Steve watch for obstacles, I do find myself getting caught up in the wonder and beauty of nature and this earth.

Breeding Grounds Survey: Habitat Conditions Looking Good in 2014

Since our last post, John and I have been extremely busy. We’ve had six days of gorgeous weather and great survey conditions. This means clear, sunny days with little to no wind (the only thing better would have been overcast skies and no wind).

Breeding Grounds Survey: The Weather Caught Up To Us

The Alberta ground survey crew has been able to complete stratum 29, 28, and 27 in southern Alberta and have started on stratum 26. Weather has cooperated up until now, allowing our pilot Jim Bredy and observer Joe Sands to stay ahead of us.

Breeding Grounds Survey: Good Ol' Stratum 54

As we finished up Stratum 54 this week, the conditions seem to be looking positive. Having never flown the Breeding Population Survey before, Stratum 54, the block that we were flying this week, was not what I was expecting to see.

Breeding Grounds Survey: Manitoba Ground Crew Reaches Half-way Point

This year we started the ground portion of the survey on May 10 and have been going ever since. We completed stratum 39 in southwestern Manitoba on May 12 and moved into stratum 34 in southeastern Saskatchewan on the 13th.

Breeding Grounds Survey: Who Moved My Calendar?

Calendars and clocks are artificial scorecards for humans. For the previous six years my old calendars have indicated that I have been in Canada on this date and yet today I am still at home in central Oregon.

Breeding Grounds Survey: Digesting Spaghetti

Staring at the tangle of wires and connections reminded me of a plateful of spaghetti and meatballs, but this serving of pasta didn’t look too appetizing. Due to a series of maintenance issues, my plane and I have been separated for nearly eight months.

Breeding Grounds Survey: Good Luck for the Saskatchewan Ground Crew in the South!

Although the air crew had to delay their start by a day due to weather, we have not had a weather delay since then. We traveled from Saskatoon to Swift Current, Saskatchewan, on May 8th to begin surveys in the southwest the next day.

Breeding Grounds Survey: New Brunswick Survey Completed

The Maine and Atlantic Canada survey crew today completed Stratum 63, which corresponds to New Brunswick, Canada. Like Maine, New Brunswick endured a long, cold, and snowy winter with significant snow falling just 2 weeks ago.

Breeding Grounds Survey: Western South and North Dakota Complete

We have finished our work in the Dakotas (Strata 43 and 44) and conditions look good there overall. Most reservoirs, dug outs, and natural wetlands that were dry or low last year are full with sheet water present in some areas.

Breeding Grounds Survey: Conditions Good in Southern Saskatchewan, But Drier Than Last Year

We started the survey on May 7th and have had six good flying days. So far, conditions look good across the southern grasslands; drier than last year but wetland conditions are still good.

Breeding Grounds Survey: Road Warriors

We have now finished all the air-ground segments in North Dakota, and did our first day of surveying in Montana today. The ground crew's job is to count a sample of the segments that the air crew surveys, and the ratio of the number of ducks (by species) that we see to the number that the air crew sees is used as a correction factor in calculating population estimates.

Breeding Grounds Survey: Ground Crew Wrapping Up South Dakota

The Eastern Dakotas ground crew is going to survey the last air-ground correction segment in South Dakota tomorrow, and my overall impression so far is that South Dakota was pretty dry and the duck numbers are a little down.

Breeding Grounds Survey: Tongue-tied

After some unexpected winter-type weather delayed our survey start, Joe Sands and I finally got under way on May 08. We were greeted with variable habitat conditions in the short-grass prairie area to the south and east of Lethbridge, Alberta, over to the Saskatchewan border.

Breeding Grounds Survey: Holy Hanna!

The Alberta ground survey crew has been able to complete strata 29 and 28 in southern AB and is currently working on stratum 27 out of Hanna. Weather has cooperated, allowing our pilot Jim Bredy and observer Joe Sands to survey each day since they started on May 8th.

Breeding Grounds Survey: Alberta Ground Crew Prepares for the Survey

The Alberta ground crew for the waterfowl breeding population and habitat survey gathered today (Thursday, May 8th) in Medicine Hat, Alberta. During the drive down from Edmonton we witnessed some good wetland conditions through the parklands. Conditions appeared to improve further south, in the prairies.

Breeding Grounds Survey: A Great Start to the Survey

So, things did go as planned and John and I arrived in Manitoba on the 6th. We had to spend a couple of nights in Winnipeg due to marginal weather in Brandon, but we did arrive in Brandon on the 8th and were ready to start the survey on the 9th.

Breeding Grounds Survey: Back in the Prairies

We did some aerial and ground reconnaissance today and, although we did see some large flocks of green-winged teal, which seemed unusual, all other prairie nesting species were present and in small groups or pairs.

Breeding Grounds Survey: "Crunchiness"

"Crunchiness." That's what Brent West said to me when I asked him what I should write about. We're out here together again doing the air-ground corrections in the Western Dakotas-Eastern Montana crew area, and we just finished up South Dakota.

Breedings Grounds Survey: Preparations for May 2014 Survey

It’s that time of year again and I’ve been preparing for quite a while. It will be a little easier this year since it’s my second survey in the left seat and I’ll be returning to Brandon, Manitoba, with my extremely experienced observer and retired biologist-pilot John Bidwell.

Breeding Grounds Survey: Southern Alberta Survey Start Delayed Due to Weather

While some portions of the US are basking in 80 and 90 degree temperatures, it is windy here and the snow is blowing sideways. This type of weather is not conducive to safely flying a low-level waterfowl survey. Temperatures that last week were in the 20° C range (68° F), have given way to sub-freezing temperatures, snow, and freezing fog. This has put the survey on hold, for now.

Breeding Grounds Survey: 2014 Survey Begins!

This morning we kicked off the 2014 Breeding Population and Habitat Survey. We took off out of Pierre, South Dakota and flew almost directly west for our first transect line.

Breeding Grounds Survey: Met With Ground Crew - Everything is Ready

Today, we met up with our excellent ground crew (waterfowl biologists Pam Garrettson and Brent West) and went out to look at a dozen wetlands in the area.

Breeding Grounds Survey: Calibrating for the Survey

Brenda and I took to the air today to calibrate our transect width—to ensure we are only counting birds within 200 meters on either side of the aircraft. The survey calculations are based on this transect width, so it is very important that all flight crews calibrate their observations.

Breeding Grounds Survey: Arriving in South Dakota

We've packed N705 and are headed to Pierre, South Dakota to start our survey. This year I have Brenda Kelly as my observer, a very experienced waterfowl biologist and aerial observer from Wisconsin.

Follow the Waterfowl Breeding Population and Habitat Survey

This week, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS), Canadian Wildlife Service, and state and provincial agencies will begin the 59th North American Waterfowl Breeding Population and Habitat Survey. This survey is the most extensive wildlife census in the world. Follow along!

Breeding Grounds Survey: Time Flies By, and So Do We!

The first report filed by a FWS pilot biologist in 2014 as they prepare to begin the North American Breeding Waterfowl and Ponds Survey.

WAT trustee reaches land exchange agreement with USFWS

Jim Kennedy, a longtime Ducks Unlimited (DU) philanthropist and Wetlands America Trust board member, has reached an agreement with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) to exchange a parcel of his personal land for a 306-acre parcel the USFWS owns in Tallahatchie County, Miss. USFWS is acquiring land that appraises at a higher amount than the 306-acre parcel, and will be used for wildlife habitat and public enjoyment.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Reopens Waterfowl Production Areas

It has been determined that allowing public access to Waterfowl Production Areas (WPAs) will not incur further government expenditure or obligation and is allowable under a government shutdown. Therefore, effective immediately, all WPAs will reopen to public use.

DU CEO Dale Hall on the Federal Duck Stamp

A letter from Ducks Unlimited Chief Executive Officer Dale Hall on the eve of the 2013 Federal Duck Stamp Art Competition in Maumee, Ohio, September 27-28.

USFWS director talks about sportsmen priorities, duck stamp


DU celebrates first sale of 2013-2014 federal duck stamps

MEMPHIS, Tenn. - June 27, 2013 - The new 2013-2014 federal duck stamp goes on sale this Friday, June 28. The stamps, which cost $15, are valid through June 30, 2014. Purchased by millions of waterfowl hunters, wildlife enthusiasts and collectors every year, duck stamps help raise money to purchase and protect wetlands for ducks, geese and other wildlife species.

DU Launches Southeast New Jersey Coastal Initiative

Ducks Unlimited and its partners recently launched a new conservation initiative in the Garden State. The goal of this initiative is to protect, restore, and enhance vital wetlands in southeastern New Jersey's coastal region, where the pressures of development and the risk of severe storm destruction of the kind caused by Hurricane Sandy continue to threaten these already altered landscapes.

South Carolina Initiative Receives Third NAWCA Grant

Ducks Unlimited and partners received a third North American Wetlands Conservation Act (NAWCA) grant last fall as part of South Carolina's Lowcountry Wetlands Initiative.

DU Receives National Conservation Award

Ducks Unlimited's Great Lakes and Atlantic Region (GLAR) was recently honored with the National Blue-winged Teal Award during the 78th North American Wildlife and Natural Resources Conference in Arlington, Virginia.

Parcel acquired for wildlife refuge on Wisconsin-Illinois border

LAKE GENEVA, Wis. – April 11, 2013 – Ducks Unlimited and the Friends of Hackmatack National Wildlife Refuge (NWR) Partnership recently announced the acquisition of a parcel in Walworth County, Wis. Final plans for the parcel are not yet known but will include either the eventual transfer of the unit to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) or a local land trust for inclusion in Hackmatack NWR. The property is the first such parcel in Wisconsin.

Two Habitat Projects Approved in North Carolina

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) often partners with Ducks Unlimited to make improvements to national wildlife refuges through a program called Indefinite Delivery, Indefinite Quantity (IDIQ).

Brooks Tract Acquired

In December 2012, Ducks Unlimited completed acquisition of the Brooks Tract, an important Platte River habitat, from the Whooping Crane Trust.

National Wildlife Refuge Week highlights importance of refuges to conservation and sportsmen

The importance of America’s wildlife refuge system to conservation and wildlife habitat is in the spotlight as part of National Wildlife Refuge Week, Oct. 14-20.

Waterfowl, hunters to benefit from nearly $30 million federal investment

MEMPHIS, Tenn. - Sept. 12, 2012 - Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Director Dan Ashe today announced a landmark investment of nearly $30 million in the future of wetlands, waterfowl and public waterfowl hunting across the country through expanded refuges and hunting programs.

Conservation: Gains and Losses

While progress has been made in conserving the nation's wetlands, these vital habitats continue to decline at an alarming rate

2012 Waterfowl Forecast

DU biologists and Magazine staff provide a flyway-by-flyway breakdown of what hunters might expect for the 2012-2013 waterfowl hunting season.

2012 Duck numbers remain strong as habitat declines

MEMPHIS, Tenn. - July 3, 2012 - The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) released its preliminary report today on breeding ducks and habitats, based on surveys conducted in May and early June. Total populations were estimated at 48.6 million breeding ducks in the surveyed area. This estimate represents a 7 percent increase over last year's estimate of 45.6 million birds, and is 43 percent above the 1955-2010 long-term average. This year's estimate is a record high and is only the sixth time in the survey's history that the total duck population exceeded 40 million.

Duck Numbers Remain Strong as Habitat Declines

Total populations were estimated at 48.6 million breeding ducks in the surveyed area. This estimate represents a 7 percent increase over last year's estimate of 45.6 million birds, and is 43 percent above the 1955-2010 long-term average.

Mississippi refuge renamed Sam D. Hamilton Noxubee NWR

In honor of his predecessor, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) Director Dan Ashe joined with friends, conservation partners, FWS employees and the family of former FWS Director Sam Hamilton to unveil a new sign on June 22 that officially renamed Noxubee National Wildlife Refuge (NWR) the Sam D. Hamilton Noxubee National Wildlife Refuge.

A Conversation with Dan Ashe

Dan Ashe was confirmed as the 16th director of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) in June 2011. His outstanding conservation science background and practical outdoor experience make him ideally suited for this important position. He's also an avid duck hunter, making him a natural advocate for wetlands and waterfowl. Ashe recently took a few minutes out of his busy schedule to answer a few questions from Ducks Unlimited.

Media Advisory: Sportsmen to attend NAWCA breakfast briefing

Ducks Unlimited, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, the Congressional Sportsmen's Foundation and the National Shooting Sports Foundation are hosting a breakfast briefing on the reauthorization and appropriations of the North American Wetlands Conservation Act on April 17, 2012, at Rayburn HOB 2360.

Cyndi Perry named new FWS chief for Division of Bird Habitat Conservation

Cynthia (Cyndi) Perry was selected recently as the new chief for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Division of Bird Habitat Conservation.

Ducks Unlimited conservation leader receives international NAWMP award

MEMPHIS, Tenn. - March 22, 2012 - Ducks Unlimited Chief Conservation Officer Paul Schmidt received the North American Waterfowl Management Plan's (NAWMP) International Canvasback Award last week for his significant long-term contributions to the implementation of NAWMP's conservation activities throughout North America.

e-Duck Stamp program reaches Senate

U.S. Sens. Roger Wicker (Miss.) and Mark Pryor (Ark.) introduced the Permanent Electronic Duck Stamp Act, S. 2071, in the Senate yesterday. This bill would make permanent the sale of federal duck stamps online—commonly referred to as the "e-Duck Stamp program."

DU praises congressional vote to honor Sam Hamilton with renamed Mississippi wildlife refuge

MEMPHIS, Tenn. - Nov. 15, 2011 - This week, Congress renewed the celebration of the life and legacy of late U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Director Sam Hamilton with a vote to rename Noxubee National Wildlife Refuge near Starkville, Miss., as the Sam D. Hamilton Noxubee NWR. The renamed refuge would honor the Mississippi native’s lifelong dedication to conservation.

Prime Hook National Wildlife Refuge Briefing Statement

Prime Hook National Wildlife Refuge (Prime Hook) in Sussex County, Delaware, was established in 1963 under the authority of the Migratory Bird Conservation Act with the explicit purpose of providing habitat for migratory birds. It supports approximately 300 avian species and is a key stopover and wintering area for shorebirds, wading birds, and waterfowl in the Atlantic Flyway.

Pelican Lake Shoreline Protected with Legacy Amendment Acquisition

Senator Klobuchar and Congresswoman Bachmann praise DU's conservation efforts

DU joins Interior Secretary Salazar and Rep. Dingell to mark refuge progress

Ducks Unlimited Great Lakes/Atlantic Regional Director Becky Humphries joined U.S Secretary of Interior Ken Salazar, Fish and Wildlife Service Director Dan Ashe and Congressman John Dingell recently to announce the acquisition of 28-acres for the Detroit River International Wildlife Refuge.

Convention 2011 - Dan Ashe

DU 2011 National Convention guest speaker Dan Ashe, Director Nominee, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

DU Attends USFWS Vision Conference

To guide refuge management for the next decade, FWS is hosting a Vision Conference from July 11 to July 15, 2011 in Madison, Wis., to create a new strategic vision plan for conservation.

Ducks Unlimited Applauds Senate Confirmation of Dan Ashe as Director of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

The U.S. Senate Thursday evening confirmed Daniel Ashe as the 16th Director of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Ashe, a career employee of the agency, will assume his duties immediately.
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