As the Maine state website is developed and takes on additional information, we will be adding Maine project specification and locations. Please continue to check this page for current or ongong projects in your area. Thank you for your patience and continued support of DU.
Addison Salt Marsh Restoration, Addison
Addison Salt Marsh is a 500-acre restoration project that is in its preliminary stages. The goal is to increase tidal flow by adjusting the undersized tide gates in the town of Addison. The gates have restricted salt water flow to the wetland for years and negatively affected the saltmarsh community. In 2004 activity was initiated at Addison with site selection and the sampling of some water parameters. In 2005, salinity data collection has begun as well as the development of a monitoring design, including nekton, birds, vegetation, water chemistry and water levels. Assistance with monitoring will be contributed by students attending an Eagle hill Seminar on salt marsh restoration taught by Drs. David Burdick, University of New Hampshire and Susan Adamowicz, USFWS Rachel Carson National Wildlife Refuge through The Humbolt Institute during August, 2005. This project is part of DU's Maine saltmarsh monitoring priorities for 2005. The Addison project is supported by NOAA-CRP, NFWF, CWRP, U of NH, USFWS, DU, Town of Addison Conservation Committee, and many volunteers. Also, Dr. Ruth Carmichael , University of Maine Machias will conduct studies on substrate fauna and food webs at this site. Addison is one of the largest restoration efforts ever proposed in the Gulf of Maine.
Crowley Island Land Protection, Phase III, South Addison
Located in Addison, Maine, Crowley Island dominates the bay of the Indian River at 700 acres and 2 miles in length. The island's salt marsh and tidal flat communities amount to over 5 miles of tidal frontage that are heavily used by waterfowl and shorebirds, and are important to the American black duck, a species that is in decline throughout its historic range. Maine Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife recognizes the island as Class A Coastal Wildlife Habitat. A 2002 U.S. Fish and Wildlife study shows dramatically how valuable this habitat is. Virtually all the shorefront and tidal part of the property is optimum black duck habitat. The large amount of high quality woodcock habitat is also noteworthy.
As part of a three phase initiative spearheaded by the Pleasant River Wildlife Foundation (led by DU volunteers Anne and John Marshall), Phase I of the project was completed in January 2003 (see last report). The Phase II acquisition of an additional 100 acres with over 4,200 feet of prime tidal frontage has since been completed. Phase III is the important next step in completing this conservation effort. With Phase I, II and III (the three properties are contiguous) under common ownership the habitat can be managed as a whole to optimize its value for native plant and animal species. Phase III, the purchase of 40 acres of upland buffer for Crowley Island's sensitive eastern shoreline is currently being negotiated. Partners in this venture include Ducks Unlimited, the Maine Coast Heritage Trust, the Great Auk Land Trust, and the Pleasant River Wildlife Foundation.
Merrymeeting Bay Phase IV, Sagadahoc County
Merrymeeting Bay, located in the Lower Kennebec River system, is one of the four coastal priority areas identified by the Maine Wetlands Protection Coalition as being in need of protection. In 2005 a fourth North American Wetland Conservation Act grant was received and important properties have been identified for protection. DU has contributed funds toward land acquisition.
Libby River Saltmarsh Restoration, Scarborough
The Libby River saltmarsh restoration is part of the large conservation effort in the Scarborough Marsh area of southern Maine. Scarborough Marsh is the largest contiguous expanse of salt marsh community in Maine, is owned by the Maine Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife (MDIFW), and has a very active local support group, The Friends of Scarborough Marsh (FOSM). The Libby River project will be going to construction in 2005-06. An undersized culvert will be replaced to restore tidal flow to the marsh. Much engineering and design work was needed because of the proximity of sewer and water mains. ME Department of Transportation (MDOT) was extremely helpful in the project design. DU contributed funds for the monitoring program, which will continue post-construction. Partners include the Natural Resource Conservation Service, USFWS Gulf of Maine Program, MDIFW, FOSM, MDOT and DU.
Maine Salt Marsh Monitoring Team
The effort to provide trained, equipped volunteers to aid in data collection at various saltmarsh restoration projects along the Maine coast has DU involved at three restoration sites in Maine in 2005. These are preliminary monitoring at Addison, bird species monitoring at Pemaquid Point, and post-construction monitoring at Wheeler Refuge, York. All monitoring efforts have worked closely with the Wells Estuarine Research Reserve, Wells. A ME-Corporate Wetlands Restoration Program grant was received in 2004 to fund the project and a second ME-CWRP proposal was submitted in 2005 for equipment and outreach. These projects will be contributing data to several regional databases, to analysis of best restoration practices for saltmarsh communities and to public awareness and knowledge.
Down East Lakes Protection, Washington County
DU has contributed funding toward the Downeast Land Trust's acquisition of the 27,080-acre Farm Cove Community Forest completed in May 2005. Through acquisition and the purchase of conservation easements, approximately 330,000 acres in Washington County will be protected from development as part of a large conservation project funded through a 2005 NAWCA grant and private contributions such as DU's.
Greater York River Protection Plan, York
A coalition of federal, state and private organizations has submitted a NAWCA proposal in 2005 to fund the land acquisition of several parcels important to the protection of the Greater York River. This project was supported by the Maine Wetlands Protection Coalition and as part of the Mt. Agamenticus to the Sea partnership, will support conservation work that has been going on for many years in this area. The York River is the first large river system as you come across the NH border. The demand for recreational properties is great and development threatens the integrity of the watershed. DU supports these protection efforts.
Great Works/Sunkhaze Protection Effort, Penobscot County
Preliminary planning for the protection of a vast mosaic of freshwater wetland types, stream and pond communities and uplands has begun in the Penobscot Watershed in Penobscot County. Sunkhaze National Wildlife Refuge was primarily established to protect habitat for the American black duck. This project would increase habitat protection for waterfowl, waterbirds and many species of wildlife and plants. The project would address the last two in-holdings that occur within the refuge boundary, properties located adjacent to the refuge and the area from Blackman Stream north through Sunkhaze, Together with a large protection effort being administered by TNC and the Forest Society of Maine that approaches from the south east, the entirety of Sunkhaze Stream would be protected as well as a solid block of contiguous habitat. Funding is being pursued.
Wheeler Refuge Marsh Enhancement Project, York
Enhancement of the Wheeler Refuge Marsh, located in the town of York, Maine was completed in February of 2004. The 20-acre salt marsh was altered with dikes and used for a dredge disposal site. Tidal exchange was severely restricted and a thick layer of spoil erased tidal creeks, pannes and pools typical of natural salt marsh topography.
Planning for the restoration of Wheeler Refuge Marsh began in late 2000. The project design was a collaborative effort and included breaching the dikes with spillways to increase tidal flow. The excavation of a tidal channel and thirteen pools on the marsh surface now provide increased tidal exchange and habitat for fish, birds and submerged aquatic vegetation. Monitoring will continue at the site to assess the effects of construction activities on the salt marsh community.
Funding and in-kind support for the project was provided by an extensive partnership including Fish America Foundation and NOAA Community-based Restoration Program, Town of York, Greater Piscataqua Community Foundation, Ducks Unlimited, the Corporate Wetland Restoration Partnership and TRC Environmental Corporation. Additional support was received from the US Fish & Wildlife Service, Gulf of Maine Program, York Rivers Association; the National Park Service/Appalachian Mountain Club Rivers and Trails Program, Ramsdell Sand & Gravel, The Wells National Estuarine Research Reserve, Jackson Laboratory of the University of New Hampshire, Maine Department of Transportation, Maine State Planning Office, Gulf of Maine Council on the Marine Environment, Gulf of Maine Aquarium, York High School and many individual volunteers.
Cascade Brook Restoration, Scarborough
The 100-acre saltmarsh restoration at Cascade Brook, located within the Scarborough 3000-acre marsh complex, was completed in the fall of 2004 and a dedication ceremony was held in October to celebrate the event. Restoration efforts included the removal of tidal restrictions, excavation of 2,500 cubic yards of spoil deposited from a washed out culvert on Old Blue Point Road and herbiciding of Phragmites that established on the spoil. DU staff, volunteers, project partners, government agency staff and staff from the offices of US Senator Olympia Snowe and Representative Tom Allen participated in the event.
Mill Pond, York, York
DU has been asked to evaluate the possibility of enhancing the Mill Pond site in York, ME. Erosion from surrounding landuse has deposited sediment and significantly decreased water depth in the pond. Cattails have been encroaching along with algal blooms in the hottest part of the year. DU has made a site visit and will continue to pursue the potential restoration of the pond through dredging and a new water control structure on the culvert. Surrounding landuse issues will have to be determined and erosion addressed before dollars are spent.
Androscoggin Land Trust Mitigation, Sabattus
DU has been asked by the Androscoggin Land Trust to assist them in the identification of a mitigation parcel needed by the Maine Department of Transportation for the destruction of wetland acres associated with Route 9 near Sabattus. The Land Trust would like to protect a parcel that has restoration needs.
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