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Hawaii - More Information

Background information on DU's Hawaii conservation priority area
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Goals

  • Clearly define each major wetland area on the islands that can contribute to restoration of waterbird populations.
  • Secure protected status, either in private or public ownership, for all major wetland areas within the next 10 years.
  • Restore and enhance important wetland areas that are degraded.
  • Increase all endangered waterbird populations above 2,000 individuals, with the exception of the Laysan duck where a goal of tripling the current population is feasible.

Assumptions

  • Increasing wetland area and quality will increase waterbird populations.
  • Major limiting factors for waterbirds are quality wetland habitat, introduced predators, and urban expansion.
  • Wetlands in Hawaii can be individually recognized and analyzed for priorities in restoration and enhancement.

Strategies

  • Concentrate initial restoration efforts at Hanalei floodplain, Kealia playa, Pouhala Marsh, and Big Island ranches.
  • Develop prioritization model to assure restoration and protection is completed in order of highest need.
  • Assist in population viability analyses for each of the endangered waterbird species (after Reed et al. 1994).
  • Secure habitat usage information by koloa, both in montane breeding areas and coastal lowland wintering areas to better guide protection and restoration efforts.
  • Develop a better understanding of migrant pathways for wintering birds beyond the Pacific Ocean.
  • Develop better understanding of natural hydrologic patterns to improve design of restoration efforts (e.g., Hanalei River floodplain).
  • Establish adaptive resource management within the islands through cooperatively developed management plans and annual workshops for managers.
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