After a long winter and late spring for most areas, the breeding season is underway. Migrants were delayed by 1-2 weeks but are establishing nests in the North and showing a strong breeding effort in the Prairies. More moisture will be needed in the Western Boreal Forest and in parts of southern Alberta and Saskatchewan
, while higher-than-usual water levels have posed some challenges for nesters in the Eastern Region. Several areas are predicting a normal production year and next month's release of the 2014 Breeding Population Survey will provide more insight.