In general, potholes throughout the province entered winter in favorable condition due to consistent summer rains and frequent fall rain events. This restricted producers' field activities, translated into less tillage of potholes and kept many basins inaccessible due to their flooded or moist states. Moist soil conditions translated into a good frost seal, especially in the more southwest regions of the breeding range, which received additional autumn rainfall.
Minnedosa and Shoal Lake areas have received average snowfall so far this winter, while accumulations in the Killarney and Southern Virden pothole regions
are slightly below average. Despite the modest snowfall, a decent covering exists on uncultivated uplands and a good snow catch can be observed in wetlands within cultivation. Assisting with the wetland snowpack this season have been frequent prairie wind events and extended extreme cold weather events, with average monthly temperatures greater than 5 C below the norm.
Overall, given the wet conditions of last fall and the lack of fall field work lessening impacts on potholes, wetland conditions are considered good in most of the primary breeding range and very good in certain pockets in more southwesterly regions that received additional fall rains.