Overall, habitat conditions remain good in Québec.
Spring arrived early this year. Similar to February, March was unseasonably warm. Temperatures reached 4–6 C higher than normal, especially in eastern areas. They even reached higher than 20 C in mid March, which is exceptional for this time of the year. April temperatures were generally closer to normal throughout the province.
March precipitation was 28 per cent lower than normal. A spell of mild weather contributed to an early spring thaw, and the snow pack melted rapidly. Runoff was complete by the end of March, which is earlier than usual. In April, total precipitation was generally close to normal, except in eastern regions, where it was slightly above normal.
In March, the average St. Lawrence River water level was 50 cm above normal. A major rise in water levels did not occur in April, which helped to avoid flooding of early nesters.
The early spring created favourable conditions for resident Canada goose populations, which are high in the Ottawa Valley region. For early-nesting duck species, the nesting season started earlier than usual. Although one might have expected the greater snow goose migration to happen earlier as well (due to early spring conditions), April weather was closer to average, which normalized migratory activity for many species.